Istoria vw touareg

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Re: Istoria vw touareg

Postby Patthy VIP » 07 Apr 2012 11:59

The Volkswagen Touareg [ˈtuːaʁɛɡ] is a mid-size crossover SUV produced by German automaker Volkswagen since 2002. The vehicle was named after the Tuareg people, a Berber-speaking group in North Africa.[1] Touareg V10 holds the world record for the heaviest load towed by a passenger car, pulling a Boeing 747 as part of an advertising campaign.[2]

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Volkswagen TouaregFacelifted first-generation Volkswagen Touareg North Sails (Europe)
Manufacturer Volkswagen AG
Production 2002–present
Assembly Volkswagen Slovakia, a.s. Bratislava
Class Mid-size luxury crossover SUV
Body style 5-door SUV
Layout Longitudinal front engine,
four-wheel drive
Platform Volkswagen Group PL71 platform

Development


The Touareg (internally designated Typ 7L) was a joint venture project developed by Volkswagen Group, Audi, and Porsche. The goal was to create an off-road vehicle that could handle like a sports car. The team, with over 300 people, was led by Klaus-Gerhard Wolpert, and based in Porsche main base Weissach im Tal, Germany. The result of the joint project is that the Porsche Cayenne and Audi Q7 share the Touareg's Volkswagen Group PL71 platform, although there are styling, equipment, and technical differences between those vehicles.

The Volkswagen Touareg is built in Bratislava, Slovakia. The manufacturing plant shares production with Touareg-cousins, the Porsche Cayenne, and the Audi Q7. Due to the demand, and the exchange rates of euros against the US dollar, as well as different pricing and environmental policies in the USA, the V6 and V8 engine variants make up most of Volkswagen's American Touareg offering. However, a limited number of the V10 Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) diesel engines were available in the 2004 model year (before being pulled for environmental reasons). They were brought back to the United States for the 2006 as a "Tier I emissions concept (43 state emissions)".[3]


First generation


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First generation2003-2007 Volkswagen Touareg (US)
Production 2002-2010
Engine 3.2 L V6
3.6 L V6
4.2 L V8
6.0 L W12
2.5 L I5 TDI
3.0 L V6 TDI
4.2 L V8 TDI
5.0 L V10 TDI
Transmission 6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
Wheelbase 2,855 mm (112.4 in)
Length 4,754 mm (187.2 in)
Width 1,928 mm (75.9 in)
Height 1,726 mm (68.0 in)
Related Porsche Cayenne
Audi Q7

The Touareg comes as standard with a four-wheel drive system. An automatic progressively locking centre differential (with manual override), and a "low range" setting that can be activated with in-cabin controls. Options to make the vehicles more capable off-road include an available air suspension system which can raise the car's ride height on command, and an interior switch allowing the rear differential to be manually locked. Its load level ground clearance is at 6.3 in (160 mm) , Off Road Level is at 9.6 in (244 mm) , and Xtra clearance of 11.8 in (300 mm).[3]


Engines

Petrol engines

Model Year Engine type Power, torque @ rpm
3.2 V6 2002–2004 3,189 cc (194.6 cu in) V6 220 PS (162 kW; 217 bhp)
3.6 V6 2004–2006 3,597 cc (219.5 cu in) V6 241 PS (177 kW; 238 bhp)
4.2 V8 2002–2006 4,163 cc (254.0 cu in) V8 310 PS (228 kW; 306 bhp)
6.0 W12 2005-2010 5,998 cc (366.0 cu in) W12 450 PS (331 kW; 444 bhp), 600 N·m (443 lbf·ft)

Diesel engines

Model Year Engine type Power, torque @ rpm
2.5 R5 TDI 2003-2010 2,460 cc (150.1 cu in) I5 Turbo 174 PS (128 kW; 172 bhp), 400 N·m (295 lbf·ft)
3.0 V6 TDI 2004–2007 2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) V6 Turbo 225 PS (165 kW; 222 bhp)
5.0 V10 TDI 2002-2007 4,921 cc (300.3 cu in) V10 Turbo 313 PS (230 kW; 309 bhp) @3750, 750 N·m (553 lbf·ft) @ 2,000


W12 (2005-2010)

The 6.0-litre double overhead camshaft (DOHC), 48-valve W12 engined version was initially intended to be a limited-edition model, with just 500 units planned to be produced; around 330 were slated for sale in Saudi Arabia, with the remainder sold in Europe. No sales in the United States were made. Eventually, the W12 model became an ordinary model without any production restrictions. It is estimated to reach 100 kilometres per hour (62.1 mph) in 5.9 seconds.[4]


V10 TDI (2002-2010)


The V10 TDI was offered in the United States for a limited time in 2004, but emissions regulations forced it off the market for a temporary period.[5]

The V10 TDI returned to the U.S. market as 2006 model year vehicle in five states. Later US models went on sale in 2006, which was compliant with 50 states emission with Ultra-low sulfur diesel and particulate filter.[6] Stricter California Air Resources Board (CARB) emissions standards resulted in the V10 TDI being cancelled again in the United States.[7] The model was dubbed the "Meanest Vehicle for the Environment in 2007" by the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy[8] because of its fuel economy of 17 miles per US gallon city (12 l/100 km) and 24 mpg highway (10 l/100 km). The V10 engine has since been replaced by a V6 TDI engine that meets the CARB minimum emission requirements for the 2009 model year.


Facelift 2007

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The Touareg's first facelift was unveiled at the 2006 Paris Motor Show, and debuted in North America as a 2008 model. It now features the shield grille from others in the Volkswagen Passenger Cars range. The updated Touareg has more than 2300 redesigned parts and boasts some new technological features:

ABS Plus, which works in conjunction with the traction control system, and shortens the braking distance by up to 25% on loose surfaces;
Front Scan, an adaptive cruise control system, which can slow or even stop the car depending on traffic conditions;
Side Scan, a blind-spot warning system: it uses radar at the rear of the car to sense another car's presence, and causes light-emitting diodes (LEDs) built into the wing mirrors to flash. If the driver indicates to move out, the LEDs flash at an accelerated rate to warn the driver until the other vehicle moves out of the Touareg's field of vision.

The 2007 Touareg, alongside an already lengthy options list, could be equipped with a driving dynamics package, a rollover sensor, a 620 watt Dynaudio sound system, and redesigned comfort seats.[citation needed] All diesel versions now have the diesel particulate filter standard.[citation needed]

In the US and Canada, the facelifted Touareg was marketed as the Touareg 2 for the 2008 model year, reverting to simply Touareg in 2009.


Engines

US models included 3.6 V6, 4.2 V8, BlueMotion 3.0 V6 TDI. Canada models include 3.6 V6, BlueMotion 3.0 V6 TDI. BlueMotion 3.0 V6 TDI was sold as V6 TDI Clean Diesel in US and Canada

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Transmissions


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R50 (2007-2010)

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The Touareg R50 is the third Volkswagen after the Golf and Passat to be given the 'R' treatment by Volkswagen Individual GmbH. The R50 global launch was at the 2007 Australian International Motor Show.

The "R50" naming comes from the engine displacement: 5.0 L. The R50 was offered with a 5.0-litre V10 diesel engine, 257 kilowatts (349 PS; 345 bhp) with 850 newton metres (627 lbf·ft) of torque, and pushing the car to 100 kilometres per hour (62.1 mph) in 6.7 seconds.[9]

The R50 came standard with 21-inch Omanyt wheels, sport-tuned air suspension, decorative 'engine spin' finish interior trim inlays, and a four-zone Climatronic climate control system.

V6 TDI (2007-2010)

It is a version of V6 TDI with improved performance. The 2007 version of the V6 TDI has now 239 PS. With this engine, the car reaches 100 km/h in 8.3 seconds. Also, this improved version of the V6 TDI develops 500 N/m.[10]

V6 TDI Clean Diesel (2009-2010)

It is a version of V6 TDI with Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) system, replacing V10 TDI in US and Canada. The Touareg contains a 4.5 US gallons (17 l; 3.7 imp gal) tank in the rear of the vehicle underneath the spare tyre which stores the AdBlue solution. It is estimated that this tank will need to be replenished every 6,000–10,000 miles (9,700–16,000 km).[citation needed] The Touareg does not include NOX storage catalyst found in Jetta Clean Diesel TDI due to its heavy weight.[11]

Touareg BlueTDI was unveiled in 2007 Geneva Motor Show.[12] Production version of V6 TDI Clean Diesel was unveiled in 2008 LA Auto Show.[13]

Although sales of production version was planned in North America in 2008, it did not start until 2009.

Sander Kuiken, Technical development diesel application, Volkswagen AG was one of the engineers that worked on the AdBlue system created by Volkswagen, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz. Kuiken talked about the difference between the VW Touareg diesel and gasoline vehicles.[14]

Touareg V6 TSI Hybrid (2009)

It is a prototype hybrid vehicle with 2,995 cc (182.8 cu in) V6 petrol engine with a 'Twin Vortices Series' (TVS) supercharger rated 333 PS (245 kW; 328 bhp) at 5,500 rpm and 440 N·m (320 lbf·ft) at 3,000 rpm, an electric motor rated 52 PS (38 kW; 51 bhp) and 300 N·m (220 lbf·ft), eight-speed automatic transmission. It has combined ratings of 374 metric horsepower (275 kW; 369 bhp) and 550 newton metres (410 lbf·ft). The electric-motor is powered by 240-cell, 288 V, 6 Ah nickel metal-hydride battery array. The 4motion four-wheel drive system was replaced by a lighter Torsen centre differential from Audi Q7 to save weight. The electric motor has the top speed of 50 km/h (31 mph). Start-stop system supports regenerative braking, coasting. Power steering, air conditioning were changed to be powered by battery.

Planned production version included special E-switch that the driver can activate for pure electric driving, 160 km/h (99 mph) coasting speed.[15]


Second generation

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800px-VW_Touareg_V8_TDI_(II)_–_Frontansicht_(1),_2._Juli_2011,_Düsseldorf.jpg


Production 2010-
Engine 3.0 L Supercharged V6
3.6 L V6
3.0 L Diesel V6
4.2 L Diesel V8
Transmission 8-speed automatic
Wheelbase 113.9 in (2,893 mm)
Length 188.8 in (4,796 mm)
Width 76.4 in (1,941 mm)
Height 67.3 in (1,709 mm)[16]
Hybrid: 68.2 in (1,732 mm)
Related Porsche Cayenne
Audi Q7

Second generation (Typ 7P5) was revealed on February 10, 2010 in Munich.[17]

The new Touareg features a world first in automotive headlight technology: the "glare-free high beam".[18] ("Dynamic Light Assist"[17] at Volkswagen). Unlike an adaptive high beam system, the newest system continually and gradually adjusts not only the range of the high-beam, but also its pattern.[19] The beam pattern changes its direction continually so that vehicles in front are not being illuminated, while the area surrounding them is being constantly illuminated at high beam intensity.[20]
[edit] Features

Adaptive cruise control with Stop&go function
Lane departure warning system: Lane Assist
Blind Spot Monitor: Side Assist
Precrash system for front (with full automatic emergency braking): Front Assist[21]
Area View with four cameras
Adaptive Air Suspension with continuous damping control (CDC) and Adaptive Roll Compensation
Standard Aisin eight-speed automatic transmission[22]

Engines

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Pikes Peak

VW Touareg TDI entered the 85th running of the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb, with V10 TDI Touaregs and a V6 TDI Touareg, driven by Ryan Arciero, Mike Miller and Chris Blais. Arciero won the race with a time of 13:17:703 and set a new division record for the fastest time with a diesel powered vehicle. Miller finished in second with a time of 13:25:247. Chris Blais finished in third with a time of 15:48:312.[24]

Baja 500

The 2.5L R5 TDI won a 2007 Baja 500 class with drivers Mark Miller/Ralph Pitchford (USA/South Africa).[25]

Baja 1000

It included a 5.5 L V12 clean diesel engine with dual Garrett TR30R turbochargers rated 550 PS (405 kW; 542 bhp) and 850 N·m (627 lbf·ft), Xtrac six-peed sequential transmission, 9-in ch rear axle, Fox Racing Shocks, KMC 17" Custom Forged Beadlock wheels with BFGoodrich Baja KRT 37x13.5x17 tires, Lowrance 9200 GPS, Sparco Carbon Fiber Racing seats. It used mid-engine, rear wheel drive layout. The chassis and body were designed by Arciero Miller Racing and Volkswagen Design Center California respectively.

The vehicle was unveiled in 2008 LA Auto Show.[26]

The Race Touareg TDI Trophy Truck completed 41st Annual Tecate SCORE Baja 1000 race with 13th position for Trophy Truck Class. The vehicle was driven by Mark Miller.[27]

Dakar rally

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In the 2003 Dakar Rally, Volkswagen entered a team of rear wheel drive Tarek buggies.[28] VW claimed sixth overall, driven by Stephane Henrard and co-driver Bobby Willis. In the following year, the 2004 Dakar Rally saw the debut rally for the T2 class purpose built Race Touareg by Volkswagen Motorsport.[28] Bruno Saby and co driver Matthew Stevenson claimed sixth position overall. In the 2005 Dakar Rally, Jutta Kleinschmidt and co driver Fabrizia Pons claimed third spot overall in the Race Touareg.[29]

In the 2006 Dakar Rally, VW driver Giniel de Villiers and co driver Tina Thorner claimed second spot the highest ever for a diesel model in the new Race Touareg 2. It has a shorter wheelbase than the original Race Touareg, as well as increased visibility.[29] For the 2007 Dakar Rally, VW driver Mark Miller and Ralph Pitchford drove the Race Touareg 2 to 4th position overall. In the 2008 Central Europe Rally, Carlos Sainz drove his Race Touareg 2 to victory.[30] Finally, in the 2009 edition of Rally Dakar, Volkswagen achieved a one-two result. Giniel de Villiers and co driver Dirk von Zitzewitz won the race ahead of Mark Miller and Ralph Pitchford. With just two days to go, Carlos Sainz crashed out after dominating the rally for several days, thus preventing Volkswagen from making it a one-two-three result.[31]

A 1/32 slot car model of the Red Bull-sponsored Touareg, which is designed to run on the company's RAID track (which simulates off-road racing) is available from Ninco.

Power Output: VW Dakar Racers


2007 Race-Touareg 2 (T2 spec) 2.5 TDI 285 hp/209 kW
2006 Race-Touareg 2 (T2 spec) 2.5 TDI 275 hp/202 kW
2005 Race-Touareg (T2 spec) 2.5 TDI 260 hp/191 kW
2004 Race-Touareg (T2 spec) 2.3 TDI 231 hp/170 kW
2003 Tarek 1.9 TDI 218 hp/160 kW

Awards


The Touareg was Car and Driver magazine's Best Luxury SUV for 2003, Motor Trend magazine's Sport/Utility of the Year for 2004, "Four Wheeler" magazine's Four Wheeler of the Year for 2005, and Overlander's 2003 4WDOTY.[citation needed]

Recalls and failures

The first generation Touareg has had reports regarding premature failure of the center support bearing.[32] This failure has occured after 100,000 kms, beyond the vehicle warranty coverage.[citation needed] VW dealers recommend the fitting of a non-genuine bearing part or the replacement of the entire drive tail shaft assembly.[citation needed]

Certain Australian Touareg vehicles have been recalled due to faulty rear belt locks that may have been fitted because of a riveting defect.[33]
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